London Dig Uncovers Roman-era Skulls

London to host three regular-season games in 2014

capital’s thriving market. “By far the most popular foreign city for Singaporean investors is London,” said Richard Levene, director of international properties South East Asia for Singapore-based real estate firm Colliers International. “Central London is appealing as it is outside of the euro zone, [the] sterling is weak, interest rates are low, and there is relative ease of entry and exit In addition an imbalance of demand and supply has led to increasing capital values,” he added. ) Last week the Centre for Economics and Business Research – a U.K.-based think tank – forecast London property prices would leap a staggering 43.5 percent by 2018, pushing the average London home price up to 556,000 (US$893,658). By contrast CEBR found that house prices in the East of England and Scotland would rise by 27 percent over the next five years. The boom has been attributed to the government’s Help to Buy scheme which is set to launch on Tuesday, and offers taxpayer-subsidized mortgages. (Read More: UK acts to reduce housing bubble fears ) Invest into the property upturn: CEO Richard Tice, CEO of CLS Holdings, tells CNBC that they are developing properties in London and also looking at acquisitions both in London and across the rest of the UK. According to Levene, London’s property market is now seen as a safe haven among Singaporean buyers looking to diversify their property portfolio and safeguard their investments. Further compounding this trend, unattractive conditions in Singapore’s domestic market are pushing investors elsewhere. “The domestic market [in Singapore] is expensive and opportunities are limited. This has led to buyers looking elsewhere for real estate investments,” he said (Read More: Taper terror may leave Singapore property unscathed ) Singapore is home to one of the most expensive real estate markets in the world. Prices have soared over 60 percent since mid-2009 spurred by a low interest rate environment.

An archaeologist digs out a possibly Roman skull from the site of the graveyard of the Bethlehem, or Bedlam, hospital next to Liverpool Street Station in the City of London. The dig is on the site of the future ticket hall for the Crossrail station at Liverpool Street.

While much work has been carried out on burial populations from the medieval period and the 19th century, much less is known about health in the 16th to 18th centuries, the period of the post-medieval burials at Liverpool Street. It will help us to understand when and how what we characterize as a medieval community changed following the dissolution, during a period of expansion and great change in London. What has it been like as an archaeologist to get a peek beneath the streets of one of the world’s great old cities? It has been a great privilege being part of the Crossrail project, as it has given us unprecedented access to the capital’s past. We are unlikely to have ever got access to excavate sites like the busy roadway at Liverpool Street, outside one of London’s mainline railway terminuses. In London, history is everywhere you look, and Liverpool Street has certainly not disappointed. How has it changed your perception of London? It makes you realize the great impact that people in the past had on their environment, and that we are just one small part of a very long story. As well as contributing to these big questions, these excavations give us a series of snapshots of the life of Londoners over 2,000 years: a carter in Roman Britain, struggling to get his horse up the road to a bridge over the Walbrook, and losing his horse’s shoes in the deep, muddy wheel-ruts; medieval ice-skaters shooting across the frozen Moorfields Marsh; someone in the 16th century with a small gold Venetian coin used as a pendant, aping the much more expensive jewelry of their betters; a family burying their young girl in the Bedlam burial ground, wearing her beaded necklace despite Christian customs; or the local craftsmen, sneaking into the same graveyard to dump the waste pieces and failed items of bone, shell, and even elephant tooth from their nearby workshops. Subway tunnelers have uncovered archaeological artifacts everywhere from Athens to Istanbul to Mexico City. We also asked Jay Carver, lead archaeologist for the Crossrail project, to discuss such finds in London. What other significant Roman-era finds have been unearthed by the Crossrails project? One of the things we are always testing is assumptions about the activities in the Roman period in areas outside the core area of the Roman city. Liverpool Street is the focal point for that research into the road network, extramural burials, local industry, and management of natural resources, and we are finding a wealth of finds there to elaborate on these topics.

Credit: Reuters/Shannon Stapleton Tue Oct 8, 2013 9:59pm BST (Reuters) – The National Football League (NFL) will stage three regular-season games in London next year as part of a push to grow its international fan base, the league said on Tuesday. The Jacksonville Jaguars, Atlanta Falcons and Oakland Raiders will each play a “home” game at Wembley Stadium. It will mark the biggest slate of NFL games played abroad in one year. “Our fans in the UK have continued to demonstrate that they love football and want more,” NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell said in a statement. “Both of this year’s games in London sold out quickly. The fan enthusiasm for our sport continues to grow. By playing two games in the UK this year, we are creating more fans. We hope that with three games in London next year we will attract even more people to our game.” Dates of the games and opponents for each club will be announced later this season. London is staging two games this season for the first time, with the Jaguars hosting the San Francisco 49ers on October 27. Last month the Minnesota Vikings beat the Pittsburgh Steelers 34-27 at Wembley. The NFL first played a regular season game at Wembley in 2007 and the annual fixture has attracted near-sell-out crowds with an average attendance of more than 80,000. (Writing by Justin Palmer; Editing by Frank Pingue)